Electricity demand

Developments in electricity demand

GWh    
 2013 2012 Change 
Italy  317,144  328,220  -3.4% 
Spain  246,206  251,850  -2.2% 
Portugal  49,057  50,495  -2.9% 
France  494,986  489,520  1.1% 
Greece  46,451  50,290  -7.6% 
Bulgaria  32,192  32,463  -0.8% 
Romania (1)  36,665  39,202  -6.5% 
Slovakia  26,745  26,842  -0.4% 
Russia (2)  767,804  769,418  -0.2% 
Argentina  130,272  125,705  3.6% 
Brazil  565,065  546,595  3.4% 
Chile (3)  49,343  47,340  4.2% 
Colombia  60,885  59,435  2.4% 
Peru  39,789  37,321  6.6% 
USA (4)  3,689,294  3,686,777  0.1% 
Enel Open Data

(1) At September 30, 2013 and 2012.
(2) Europe/Urals.
(3) Figure for the SIC - Sistema Interconectado Central.
(4) Net of grid losses.
Source: Enel based on TSO figures.

In Europe electricity demand decreased in the Mediterranean countries, primarily due to the slowdown in industrial consumption. More specifically, in Italy (-3.4%), Spain (-2.2%), Greece (-7.6%) and Portugal (-2.9%) the negative performance of the industrial sector and the macroeconomic uncertainty had a decisive impact on the level of electricity demand. In the rest of Europe, electricity demand in 2013 expanded in France (+1.1%) and declined slightly in Russia (-0.2%). Demand continued to rise rapidly in Latin America, with significant increases in Colombia (+2.4%), Argentina (+3.6%) and Brazil (+3.4%) and even larger gains in Chile (+4.2%) and P eru (+6.6%).

Italy

Domestic electricity generation and demand

Millions of kWh     
 2013 2012 Change 
Net electricity generation:         
- thermal  182,528  207,331  (24,803)  -12.0% 
- hydroelectric  52,515  43,260  9,255  21.4% 
- wind  14,886  13,333  1,553  11.6% 
- geothermal  5,305  5,251  54  1.0% 
- photovoltaic  22,146  18,631  3,515  18.9% 
Total net electricity generation  277,380  287,806  (10,426)  -3.6% 
Net electricity imports  42,153  43,103  (950)  -2.2% 
Electricity delivered to the network  319,533  330,909  (11,376)  -3.4% 
Consumption for pumping  (2,389)  (2,689)  300  11.2% 
Electricity demand  317,144  328,220  (11,076)  -3.4% 
Enel Open Data

Source: Terna - Rete Elettrica Nazionale (monthly report - December 2013).

Domestic electricity demand in 2013 decreased by 3.4% compared with 2012, to 317,144 million kWh. Of total electricity demand, 86.7% was met by net domestic electricity generation for consumption (86.9% in 2012) with the remaining 13.3% being met by net electricity imports (13.1% in 2012).

Net electricity imports in 2013 declined by 950 million kWh, mainly as a result of the fall in demand and overcapacity on the domestic market.

Net electricity generation in 2013 decreased by 3.6% or 10,426 million kWh to 277,380 million kWh. More specifically, in an environment of depressed electricity demand, the increase in hydroelectric generation (9,255 million kWh), mainly attributable to improved water availability conditions, and the rise on other renewables generation (photovoltaic generation up 3,515 million kWh and wind generation up 1,553 million kWh) as a result of the expansion in installed capacity in the country, led to a reduction in thermal generation of 24,803 million kWh.

Spain

Electricity generation and demand in the peninsular market

Millions of kWh     
 2013 2012 Change 
Gross electricity generation - ordinary regime:         
- thermal  64,882  93,314  (28,432)  -30.5% 
- nuclear  56,827  61,470  (4,643)  -7.6% 
- hydroelectric  33,970  19,455  14,515  74.6% 
Total gross electricity generation - ordinary regime  155,679  174,239  (18,560)  -10.7% 
Consumption for auxiliary services  (6,337)  (7,889)  1,552  19.7% 
Electricity generation - special regime  110,823  102,293  8,530  8.3% 
Net electricity generation  260,165  268,643  (8,478)  -3.2% 
Net electricity exports (1)  (8,001)  (11,770)  3,769  32.0% 
Consumption for pumping  (5,958)  (5,023)  (935)  -18.6% 
Electricity demand  246,206  251,850  (5,644)  -2.2% 
Enel Open Data

(1) Includes the balance of trade with the extra-peninsular system.
Source: Red Eléctrica de España (Balance eléctrico diario Peninsular - December 2013 report). Volumes for 2012 are updated to October 2, 2013.

Electricity demand in the peninsular market in 2013 declined by 2.2% compared with 2012 to 246,206 million kWh. Demand was entirely met by net domestic generation for consumption.

Net electricity exports in 2012 fell by 32.0% compared with 2012.

Net electricity generation in 2013 decreased by 3.2% or 8,478 million kWh. Developments in the electricity market, and consequently in electricity generation, were entirely analogous to those in Italy, with a sharp decline in conventional thermal generation (-30.5%) and nuclear output (-7.6%), essentially due to higher hydroelectric generation (74.6%), owing to improved water conditions compared with the previous year, and higher output under the special regime (8.3%), as well as lower market demand.

Electricity generation and demand in the extra-peninsular market

Millions of kWh     
 2013 2012 Change 
Gross electricity generation - ordinary regime:         
- thermal  13,175  14,399  (1,224)  -8.5% 
Total gross electricity generation - ordinary regime  13,175  14,399  (1,224)  -8.5% 
Consumption for auxiliary services  (784)  (850)  66  7.8% 
Electricity generation - special regime  1,050  1,021  29  2.8% 
Net electricity generation  13,441  14,570  (1,129)  -7.7% 
Net imports  1,269  570  699  122.6% 
Electricity demand  14,710  15,140  (430)  -2.8% 
Enel Open Data

Source: Red Eléctrica de España (Balance eléctrico diario Extrapeninsulares - December 2013 report).

Electricity demand in the extra-peninsular market in 2013 decreased by 2.8% compared with 2012 to 14,710 million kWh. Demand was almost entirely met by net domestic generation for consumption.

Net electricity imports in 2013 amounted to 1,269 million kWh and regarded trade with the Iberian peninsula.

Net electricity generation in 2013 fell by 7.7% or 1,129 million kWh as a result of lower thermal generation (-8.5%), which was only partially offset by greater output under the special regime.