Operations

 Italy Abroad Total Italy Abroad Total 
 2013 2012 
Net electricity generated by Enel (TWh)  72.9  213.2  286.1  74.4  220.4  294.8 
Electricity transported on the Enel distribution network (TWh)  230.0  174.0  404.0  238.5  175.7  414.2 
Electricity sold by Enel (TWh) (1)  92.2  203.3  295.5  102.3  214.5  316.8 
Gas sold to end users (billions of m3 4.1  4.5  8.6  4.3  4.4  8.7 
Employees at year-end (no.) (2)  34,451  36,943  71,394  36,205  37,497  73,702 
Enel Open Data

(1) Excluding sales to resellers.
(2) Includes 37 in units classified as “held for sale” at December 31, 2013 and at December 31, 2012.

Net electricity generated by Enel in 2013 fell by 8.7 TWh (-3.0%), with a contraction in output abroad (-7.2 TWh) and a decline in generation in Italy (-1.5 TWh). More specifically, an increase in hydroelectric generation (+6.2 TWh), attributable to an increase in water availability, and in generation from other renewables (+3.3 TWh), thanks to the entry into service of new wind plants, were more than offset by the contraction in conventional thermal generation (-17.4 TWh) and in nuclear generation (-0.8 TWh).

Net electricity generation by source  (2013)

Electricity sold by geographical area  (2013)

Electricity transported on the Enel distribution network came to 404 TWh, a decrease of 10.2 TWh (-2.5%), largely due to the fall in electricity demand in Italy and Spain.

Employees by geographical area (at December 31, 2013)

Electricity sold by Enel in 2013 decreased by 21.3 TWh (-6.7%), mainly attributable to a decline in amounts sold in Italy (-10.1 TWh) and the Iberian peninsula (-6.6 TWh), only partly offset by an increase in sales in Latin America (+1.8 TWh).

At December 31, 2013, Enel Group employees numbered 71,394 (73,702 at the end of 2012). The Group’s workforce contracted by 2,308 employees in 2013, attributable to the balance between new hirings and terminations (for a net decrease of 2,336), partially offset by the change in the scope of consolidation, largely attributable to the acquisition of PowerCrop (an increase of 28).

 Employees (no.) 
 2013 2012 
Sales  3,687  3,674 
Generation and Energy Management  5,699  6,043 
Infrastructure and Networks  17,689  18,632 
Iberia and Latin America  22,994  22,807 
International  11,830 (1)  12,652 
Renewable Energy  3,599  3,512 
Other, eliminations and adjustments  5,896  6,382 
Total  71,394  73,702 
Enel Open Data

(1) Of which 37 in units classified as “held for sale” at December 31, 2013 and at December 31, 2012.